Noctuidae : Xyleninae
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The Confused
Apamea furva

([Denis & Schiffermüller], 1775) 2329 / 73.165
Photo © Ian Marshall, 17 Jul 2020,  Flamborough, VC61

Similar Yorkshire Species
Dusky Brocade
Apamea remissa
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Express Record The Confused

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Yorkshire Status: Rare and local resident.

Sutton & Beaumont, 1989: Very local: 'the main habitat seems to be rocky places in the Pennines and coastal cliffs' (PQW). This species may be under-recorded due to confusion with A. remissa (Hubner) which is a much more common species.

2012 (CHF): This moth is still recorded from two parts of the county: the Flamborough area and western upland areas, particularly the limestone dales. There have been no records from the North York Moors for many years. There are scattered records in lowland areas but some of these could be misidentifications of the obscura form of the much commoner Dusky Brocade. These two species can be difficult to tell apart and Confused is a much less common moth so do take care. Confused tends to vary little across its range and is greyer than Dusky Brocade with a straighter costa. It has a prominent scale tuft near the base of the dorsum of the wing but this can be difficult to see in a live moth. The subterminal pale line in Dusky Brocade is irregular and more strongly indented. Perhaps the most marked difference is to look at the underside. In Confused, the underside of both forewings and hindwings have conspicuous dark postmedian and subterminal lines whereas Dusky Brocade just has a single postmedian line on the hindwing. Confused also flies on average a month later, peaking around 1st August.

Retained Specimen / Photograph will be Required.

Recorded in 54 (27%) of 200 10k Squares.
First Recorded in 1827.
Last Recorded in 2022.
Additional Stats

< Reddish Light Arches  |  Scarce Brindle >
Forewing: 16-19mm
Flight: July - September
Foodplant:   Grasses
Red List Status: Least Concern (LC)
GB Status: Common
Verification Grade:  Adult: 3
List Species Records   [Show All Latest]
Latest 5 Records
Date#VC10k Area
09/08/2022164SD77 - Ingleborough
27/07/2022164SD77 - Ingleborough
21/07/2022364SE06 - Grassington / Hebden
20/07/2022162TA08 - Scarborough
17/07/2022164SD77 - Ingleborough
  Immature   Adult
Show Details | 1990 to 2022 | 2000 to 2022 | Graph Key
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