Noctuidae : Plusiinae
  Prev | Next  
 
Gold Spangle
Autographa bractea

([Denis & Schiffermüller], 1775) 2444 / 73.018
Photo © Damian Money,  Saltburn, VC62

Upload a Photo
Similar Yorkshire Species: None
Express Record Gold Spangle

Golden Cinnabar Membership

  • Help with running costs of Yorkshire Moths
  • View detailed maps
  • List detailed species records
  • 12 month membership

yorkshiremoths.co.uk
   You can really help...

Copyright © Lepidoptera UK 2024
   
Click Map for Details

Yorkshire Status: Uncommon and fairly widespread resident.

Sutton & Beaumont, 1989: Widely distributed and sometimes locally fairly common. Some of the specimens recorded on the VC61 coast may be immigrants or it may be expanding its range in Yorkshire. This fine moth is a distinctive feature of the northern fauna and until recently was almost unknown in southern England.

2012 (CHF): Not uncommon on the higher ground though numbers may have fallen a little recently especially in the south and east of its range.

2020 (CHF): Gold Spangle was evidently not a common moth in Porritt's day. He noted that it was much commoner in some neighbouring counties and "ought to be taken oftener in similar localities within our boundary". He noted it from York, Pateley Bridge and at Doncaster ("very rare"). By the 1950s the situation had changed and there were records from far more sites. By the time of Sutton and Beaumont (1989) it was "widely distributed and locally common" and other comments noted "it may be expanding its range in Yorkshire. This fine moth is a distinctive feature of the northern fauna and until recently was almost unknown in southern England". Rothamsted data showed a stable picture, and surprisingly still does. I say "surprisingly" because since the 1990s, records have gradually declined in Yorkshire. The chart shows by how much, though earlier years have fewer records and the data is more robust for dates after 2000.

The recent Atlas quotes the stable Rothamsted figures for abundance and charts a significant decline in distribution, but only 34% (1970-2016) or even less, 22% (2000-2016), in other words not much. It does point out some "range retraction at its southern edge in the English Midlands". It all sounds fairly unremarkable. I think however that the situation is far more dramatic than this. It has completely disappeared from the south-east of England. In Yorkshire last year we did not have a single record from VC61, from the east of VC63 and from the usual sites in the middle of the county. In other words, it has almost completely deserted lowland areas. Looking at this further, our Yorkshire data show that the average altitude of all records has increased dramatically, and it has moved upwards by 3.7 metres per year in the 20 years from 1998 to 2017. Only Lunar Thorn, Autumn Green Carpet, Broom Moth, Pale Eggar and Red Sword-grass have moved upwards at a faster rate, a change most likely caused by warming temperatures. In 2020 we received only 33 records of 36 moths from 24 sites, so virtually all records were of single moths. On the database, 82% of records are of single moths (suggesting perhaps that it might not come strongly to light), but even so, counts of five to 15 have been not particularly unusual, and at one site above Pateley Bridge in 2008, 40 were caught at light.

Having said all that, I had two in my trap in 2020 and I'm at 35m above sea level [Hutton Conyers, VC65], so perhaps all is not lost!

Recorded in 121 (61%) of 200 10k Squares.
First Recorded in 1842.
Last Recorded in 2023.
Additional Stats

< Plain Golden Y  |  Essex Y >
Forewing: 18-21mm
Flight: July - August
Foodplant:   Herbaceous plants
Red List Status: Least Concern (LC)
GB Status: Common / Immigrant
Verification Grade:  Adult: 2
List Species Records   [Show All Latest]
Latest 5 Records
Date#VC10k Area
18/08/2023162TA08 - Scarborough
15/08/2023162TA08 - Scarborough
09/08/2023163SE01 - Marsden
08/08/2023165SE19 - Leyburn / Catterick Garrison
07/08/2023164SE06 - Grassington / Hebden
  Immature   Adult   [Show Flight Weeks]
Show Details | 1990 to 2023 | 2000 to 2023 | Graph Key
© YorkshireMoths.co.uk 2024 NOLA®; Database using MapMate® Digital Maps © Bartholomew 2010. Design © Jim Wheeler 2024 Lepidoptera.UK
This site requires necessary cookies to function correctly. We'd also like to set Google analytics cookies that help us make improvements by measuring how you use the site. These will be set only if you accept all cookies. Necessary cookies enable core functionality such as security, network management, and accessibility. You may disable these by changing your browser settings, but this will affect how the website functions. Cookies Policy